Medical News

  • Pregnancy stress may shape baby brain
    on November 24, 2020 at 2:30 pm

    Stress levels in mothers—measured by a hormone linked to anxiety and other health problems—is related to changes in areas of the infant brain associated with emotional development, the study suggests.

  • For better heart health, step to it, pair of studies say
    on November 24, 2020 at 2:30 pm

    If you're sitting down, the findings of two major new studies led by University at Buffalo researchers are likely to get you moving.

  • Why immunotherapy only works for some with head and neck cancer
    on November 24, 2020 at 2:25 pm

    University of Cincinnati researchers have discovered new clues into why some people with head and neck cancer respond to immunotherapy, while others don't.

  • Why nursing home aides exposed to COVID-19 aren't taking sick leave
    on November 24, 2020 at 2:19 pm

    The COVID-19 pandemic has devastated America's nursing homes, but the reasons aren't as simple as people might think.

  • What to know before visiting a loved one in a nursing home this holiday season
    on November 24, 2020 at 2:19 pm

    The first publicized U.S. outbreak of coronavirus took place in a nursing home in King County, Washington, in late February. A reported 81 nursing home residents were infected, as were 34 staff members and 14 visitors. As a result of the facility's transmission control efforts, residents were confined to their rooms and visitors were prohibited, raising concerns from patients' rights advocates and the residents' families.

  • Veterans' substance use has devastating impact on family members
    on November 24, 2020 at 2:19 pm

    The families of veterans with substance use problems struggle with high levels of isolation and loneliness and experience extreme distress and despair, a new report has revealed.

  • Value of vaccine to end COVID-19 pandemic worth 5% to 15% of global wealth
    on November 24, 2020 at 2:17 pm

    The monetary value of a vaccine that could potentially end the COVID-19 pandemic is between 5%-15% of worldwide wealth, according to a new paper co-written by a University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign business professor.

  • Social distancing research at train stations makes platforms safer
    on November 24, 2020 at 2:17 pm

    To improve safety at train stations and tackle busy hotspots, ProRail, the authority that runs the Dutch rail infractructure, anonymously measures crowd dynamics of travelers. Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) assists the railway manager with the analysis and also uses the information to investigate the behavior of crowds. That behavior has completely changed due to the corona social distancing rule. TU/e researchers searched for new patterns and published their results in the journal PLOS ONE.

  • Alcohol consumption impairs visual function and adversely affects driving performance
    on November 24, 2020 at 2:17 pm

    A study carried out by researchers from the Department of Optics of the University of Granada (UGR) has revealed that alcohol consumption impairs visual function and adversely affects driving performance. It was found to decrease contrast sensitivity (that is, the ability to discern image contrasts) and create a veiling luminance over the individual's vision, by increasing the retinal straylight (intraocular scattered light that reaches the retina).

  • COVID has presented unique challenges for people with eating disorders. They'll need support beyond...
    on November 24, 2020 at 2:10 pm

    COVID-19 has changed the way we live, work and interact with one another. It has also changed the way we move, exercise, shop, prepare food, and eat.

  • Children may transmit coronavirus at the same rate as adults: What we know about school and COVID-19
    on November 24, 2020 at 2:00 pm

    The role children, and consequently schools, play in the COVID-19 pandemic has been hard to work out, but that puzzle is now finally starting to be solved.

  • How pharma can build trust in COVID-19 vaccines: Transparency on trials and side effects
    on November 24, 2020 at 1:50 pm

    Promising results from large clinical trials testing three vaccines to prevent COVID-19 bring us a step closer to a widely available vaccine.

  • Why some people find it easier to stick to new habits they formed during lockdown
    on November 24, 2020 at 1:40 pm

    Periods of lockdown represent a massive disruption to people's daily routines, but they also offer an opportunity to establish new habits.

  • EU announces latest vaccine contract with Moderna
    on November 24, 2020 at 1:30 pm

    The EU said Tuesday it would sign a sixth contract for an upcoming coronavirus vaccine, this time for up to 160 million doses of a jab developed by US firm Moderna.

  • We should talk more about toilets
    on November 24, 2020 at 1:30 pm

    The United Nations designated 19 November as World Toilet Day to raise awareness that 4.2 billion people live without access to safe sanitation, including in Indonesia.

  • Head in the game: Blind soccer players help develop new aids for the visually impaired
    on November 24, 2020 at 1:24 pm

    Researchers from the Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences at the University of Tsukuba studied the way blind players and sighted non-athletes tracked an incoming noise-making ball. They found that blind players employed a larger downward head rotation when trapping the rolling ball, compared with blindfolded sighted volunteers. This work may help explain the methods visually impaired people utilize to complete daily tasks, as well as assist in the creation of new smart-assistant devices.

  • Scoring system improves screening for 'dual' heart disease
    on November 24, 2020 at 1:24 pm

    Aortic stenosis is one of the most common heart valve defects. Its prevalence increases with age and it often requires treatment. As well as conventional valve replacement involving open-heart surgery, a less invasive procedure has now been available for some time in the form of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). In this procedure, the new valve is implanted during a cardiac catheter examination. This minimally invasive procedure is an important treatment option, especially for older patients.

  • Friendship strengthens mental resilience of adolescents with unpleasant childhood experiences
    on November 24, 2020 at 1:21 pm

    As young people's friendships improve, their mental resilience also increases. This is according to research conducted by Anne-Laura van Harmelen, Professor of Brain, Safety and Resilience at Leiden University.

  • AstraZeneca's results signal more good vaccine news—but efficacy is only the beginning of the...
    on November 24, 2020 at 1:20 pm

    AstraZeneca has become the latest pharmaceutical company to reveal promising results in clinical trials, for its viral vector vaccine developed with the University of Oxford.

  • Thanksgiving could be make-or-break in US virus response
    on November 24, 2020 at 1:20 pm

    In Pennsylvania, if you're having friends over to socialize, you're supposed to wear a mask—and so are your friends. That's the rule, but Barb Chestnut has no intention of following it.

  • Brain waves guide us in spotlighting surprises
    on November 24, 2020 at 1:17 pm

    If you open your office door one morning and there is a new package waiting on your desk, that's what you will notice most in the otherwise unchanged room. A new study by MIT and Boston University neuroscientists finds that the dynamic interplay of different brain wave frequencies, rather than dedicated circuitry, appears to govern the brain's knack for highlighting what's surprising and downplaying what's predictable.

  • A dietary defense against disease: Proper nutrition can boost your immune system
    on November 24, 2020 at 1:16 pm

    The holiday season is here, but unfortunately, so is the second wave of COVID-19 cases. As the days get cooler and wetter and the flu begins to circulate again, coronavirus prevention efforts—such as social distancing and wearing face coverings—are more important than ever.

  • 'Exhaustive' study shows cloth masks help protect both wearers and those nearby
    on November 24, 2020 at 1:11 pm

    A newly released Virginia Tech study examining the efficacy of common face coverings may help a concerned public breathe a sigh of relief.

  • Researchers have developed an app against needle fear
    on November 24, 2020 at 1:09 pm

    People in the Netherlands will soon have the opportunity to receive vaccination against COVID-19. However, an estimated 35% of all people suffer from needle fear. Elisabeth Huis in 't Veld of the Tilburg School of Humanities and Digital Sciences has developed a game app which, based on thermal images of the face, can predict whether somebody is about to faint. The idea is that people download the game and play it in the waiting room to reduce stress before any treatment involving needles.

  • Germany plans to limit social gatherings at Christmas
    on November 24, 2020 at 12:30 pm

    Germany's 16 states have agreed to guidelines limiting social contact over Christmas, according to a draft deal seen by AFP on Tuesday, dashing hopes for large holiday gatherings.

  • Act now to meet global heart disease targets
    on November 24, 2020 at 12:27 pm

    Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of mortality in Europe, and World Health Organization (WHO) heart disease goals will not be achieved by 2025 unless urgent action is taken. That is the finding of a European Society of Cardiology (ESC) report published today.

  • Which speaker are you listening to? Hearing aid of the future uses brainwaves to find out
    on November 24, 2020 at 12:22 pm

    In a noisy room with many speakers, hearing aids can suppress background noise, but they have difficulties isolating one voice—that of the person you're talking to at a party, for instance. KU Leuven researchers have now addressed that issue with a technique that uses brainwaves to determine within one second whom you're listening to.

  • Coronavirus cases detected in farmed mink in Poland
    on November 24, 2020 at 12:20 pm

    Cases of novel coronavirus have been found in mink farms in Poland for the first time, scientists said on Tuesday, following an outbreak in Denmark that led to a mass cull.

  • Most adults over 50 say they'll get vaccinated against COVID-19, but many want to wait
    on November 24, 2020 at 11:49 am

    Once enough people receive effective vaccines against the novel coronavirus, experts say, the end of the pandemic may be in sight. But a new poll of older adults—one of the highest-priority groups for vaccination—suggests an uphill climb lies ahead to reach that goal.

  • Finnish capital to shut high schools, ban public events
    on November 24, 2020 at 10:50 am

    Finland's capital will introduce tough new coronavirus restrictions, the city's mayor said on Tuesday, after a sharp uptick in coronavirus cases.